Correia CR, Marçal M, Vieira F, Santos E, Novais C, Maria AT, Malveiro D, Prior AR, Aguiar M, Salazar A, Gouvêa Pinto C, Carvalho Rodrigues L, Pessanha MA, Borges V, Isidro J, Gomes JP, Duarte S, Vieira L, Costa I, Alves MJ, Calhau C, Guiomar R, Tuna ML. Congenital SARS-CoV-2 Infection in a Neonate With Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2020 Oct 13. doi: 10.1097/INF.0000000000002941. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33060519.
Coronavirus disease, caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), is mainly transmitted through droplets, but other ways of transmission have been hypothesized. We report a case of vertical transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in a preterm born to an infected mother, confirmed by the presence of the virus in the neonatal blood, nasopharyngeal and oropharyngeal swabs collected in the first half an hour of life. The neonate presented with acute respiratory distress, similar to the findings in severely affected adults. This case highlights the importance of pregnancy, labor and neonatal period surveillance of affected mothers and their newborns.