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Category: COLLEZIONE 2020

Wyckoff MH, Wyllie J, Aziz K, de Almeida MF, Fabres JW, Fawke J, Guinsburg R, Hosono S, Isayama T, Kapadia VS, Kim HS, Liley HG, McKinlay CJD, Mildenhall L, Perlman JM, Rabi Y, Roehr CC, Schmölzer GM, Szyld E, Trevisanuto D, Velaphi S, Weiner GM; Neonatal Life Support Collaborators. Neonatal Life Support 2020 International Consensus on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care Science With Treatment Recommendations. Resuscitation. 2020 Nov;156:A156-A187.

This 2020 International Consensus on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care Science With Treatment Recommendations (CoSTR) for neonatal life support includes evidence from 7 systematic reviews, 3 scoping reviews, and

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van Kempen AAMW, Eskes PF, Nuytemans DHGM, van der Lee JH, Dijksman LM, van Veenendaal NR, van der Hulst FJPCM, Moonen RMJ, Zimmermann LJI, van ‘t Verlaat EP, van Dongen-van Baal M, Semmekrot BA, Stas HG, van Beek RHT, Vlietman JJ, Dijk PH, Termote JUM, de Jonge RCJ, de Mol AC, Huysman MWA, Kok JH, Offringa M, Boluyt N; HypoEXIT Study Group. Lower versus Traditional Treatment Threshold for Neonatal Hypoglycemia. N Engl J Med. 2020 Feb 6;382(6):534-544.

Background: Worldwide, many newborns who are preterm, small or large for gestational age, or born to mothers with diabetes are screened for hypoglycemia, with a goal of preventing brain injury.

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van den Akker CHP, van Goudoever JB, Shamir R, Domellöf M, Embleton ND, Hojsak I, Lapillonne A, Mihatsch WA, Berni Canani R, Bronsky J, Campoy C, Fewtrell MS, Fidler Mis N, Guarino A, Hulst JM, Indrio F, Kolaček S, Orel R, Vandenplas Y, Weizman Z, Szajewska H. Probiotics and Preterm Infants: A Position Paper by the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology Hepatology and Nutrition Committee on Nutrition and the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology Hepatology and Nutrition Working Group for Probiotics and Prebiotics. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2020 May;70(5):664-680.

More than 10,000 preterm infants have participated in randomised controlled trials on probiotics worldwide, suggesting that probiotics in general could reduce rates of necrotising enterocolitis (NEC), sepsis, and mortality. Answers

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Franz AR, Engel C, Bassler D, Rüdiger M, Thome UH, Maier RF, Krägeloh-Mann I, Kron M, Essers J, Bührer C, Rellensmann G, Rossi R, Bittrich HJ, Roll C, Höhn T, Ehrhardt H, Avenarius S, Körner HT, Stein A, Buxmann H, Vochem M, Poets CF; ETTNO Investigators. Effects of Liberal vs Restrictive Transfusion Thresholds on Survival and Neurocognitive Outcomes in Extremely Low-Birth-Weight Infants: The ETTNO Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA. 2020 Aug 11;324(6):560-570.

Importance: Red blood cell transfusions are commonly administered to infants weighing less than 1000 g at birth. Evidence-based transfusion thresholds have not been established. Previous studies have suggested higher rates

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Cizmeci MN, Groenendaal F, Liem KD, van Haastert IC, Benavente-Fernández I, van Straaten HLM, Steggerda S, Smit BJ, Whitelaw A, Woerdeman P, Heep A, de Vries LS; ELVIS study group. Randomized Controlled Early versus Late Ventricular Intervention Study in Posthemorrhagic Ventricular Dilatation: Outcome at 2 Years. J Pediatr. 2020 Aug 12:S0022-3476(20)30996-3.

Objective: To compare the effect of intervention at low vs high threshold of ventriculomegaly in preterm infants with posthemorrhagic ventricular dilatation on death or severe neurodevelopmental disability. Study design: This

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Masi AC, Embleton ND, Lamb CA, Young G, Granger CL, Najera J, Smith DP, Hoffman KL, Petrosino JF, Bode L, Berrington JE, Stewart CJ. Human milk oligosaccharide DSLNT and gut microbiome in preterm infants predicts necrotising enterocolitis. Gut. 2020 Dec 16:gutjnl-2020-322771.

Objective: Necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) is a devastating intestinal disease primarily affecting preterm infants. The underlying mechanisms are poorly understood: mother’s own breast milk (MOM) is protective, possibly relating to human

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Ronchi A, Pietrasanta C, Zavattoni M, Saruggia M, Schena F, Sinelli MT, Agosti M, Tzialla C, Varsalone FF, Testa L, Ballerini C, Ferrari S, Mangili G, Ventura ML, Perniciaro S, Spada E, Lunghi G, Piralla A, Baldanti F, Mosca F, Pugni L. Evaluation of Rooming-in Practice for Neonates Born to Mothers With Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 Infection in Italy. JAMA Pediatr. 2020 Dec 7. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.5086. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33284345.

Importance: The management of mother-infant dyads during the ongoing severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic constitutes a major issue for neonatologists. In mothers with SARS-CoV-2 infection, current recommendations

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Balasubramanian H, Ananthan A, Jain V, Rao SC, Kabra N. Umbilical cord milking in preterm infants: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2020 Nov;105(6):572-580. doi: 10.1136/archdischild-2019-318627. Epub 2020 Mar 9. PMID: 32152192.

Objective: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of the efficacy and safety of umbilical cord milking in preterm infants. Design: Randomised controlled trials comparing umbilical cord milking with delayed

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Hamrick SEG, Sallmon H, Rose AT, Porras D, Shelton EL, Reese J, Hansmann G. Patent Ductus Arteriosus of the Preterm Infant. Pediatrics. 2020 Oct 22:e20201209. doi: 10.1542/peds.2020-1209. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33093140.

Postnatal ductal closure is stimulated by rising oxygen tension and withdrawal of vasodilatory mediators (prostaglandins, nitric oxide, adenosine) and by vasoconstrictors (endothelin-1, catecholamines, contractile prostanoids), ion channels, calcium flux, platelets,

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