Chock VY, Cho SH, Frymoyer A. Aminophylline for renal protection in neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy in the era of therapeutic hypothermia. Pediatr Res. 2020 Jun 5. pii: 10.1038/s41390-020-0999.
Background: Neonates with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) frequently develop acute kidney injury (AKI). Aminophylline has been shown to reduce severe renal dysfunction in neonates after perinatal asphyxia. However, the effect of
Cordova EG, Cherkerzian S, Bell K, Joung KE, et al. Association of Poor Postnatal Growth with Neurodevelopmental Impairment in Infancy and Childhood: Comparing the Fetus and the Healthy Preterm Infant References. J Pediatr. 2020 Jun 7. pii: S0022-3476(20)30703.
Objectives: To compare the classification of preterm postnatal poor growth using healthy-preterm versus fetal growth references and to examine associations with neurodevelopmental impairment in infancy and childhood. Study design: We
Krilov LR, Anderson EJ. Respiratory syncytial virus hospitalizations in US preterm infants after the 2014 change in immunoprophylaxis guidance by the American Academy of Pediatrics. J Perinatol. 2020 Jun 4. pii: 10.1038/s41372-020-0689.
Palivizumab is the only licensed and effective immunoprophylaxis (IP) available to prevent respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection in high-risk infants including infants born at ≤35 weeks’ gestational age (wGA). In
Martin GR, Ewer AK, Gaviglio A, Hom LA, et al. Updated Strategies for Pulse Oximetry Screening for Critical Congenital Heart Disease. Pediatrics. 2020 Jun 4. pii: peds.2019-1650.
Seven years after its addition to the US Recommended Uniform Screening Panel, newborn screening for critical congenital heart disease (CCHD) using pulse oximetry became mandatory in the United States. Although
Teng J, Bohlin K, Nemeth A, Fischler B, et al. Cholestasis after very preterm birth was associated with adverse neonatal outcomes but no significant long-term liver disease: A population-based study. Acta Paediatr. 2020 Jun 11.
Aim: To describe outcome linked to neonatal cholestasis in a defined cohort of very preterm infants. Methods: Population-based retrospective case-control study of preterm infants, gestational age <30 weeks, surviving for
Lamoshi A, Lerman J, Dughayli J, et al. Association of anesthesia type with prolonged postoperative intubation in neonates undergoing inguinal hernia repair. J Perinatol. 2020;1-6.
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to determine factors associated with prolonged intubation after inguinal herniorrhaphy in neonates. Methods: Retrospective, single institution review of neonates undergoing inguinal herniorrhaphy between
Nada A, Askenazi D, Boohaker LJ, et al. Low hemoglobin levels are independently associated with neonatal acute kidney injury: a report from the AWAKEN Study Group. Pediatr Res. 2020;10.1038/s41390-020-0963-x.
Background: Studies in adults showed a relationship between low hemoglobin (Hb) and acute kidney injury (AKI). We performed this study to evaluate this association in newborns. Methods: We evaluated 1891
Du Z, Xu X, Wang L, et al. Effects of Proactive Social Distancing on COVID-19 Outbreaks in 58 Cities, China. Emerg Infect Dis. 2020;26(9):10.3201/eid2609.201932.
Cities across China implemented stringent social distancing measures in early 2020 to curb coronavirus disease outbreaks. We estimated the speed with which these measures contained transmission in cities. A 1-day